A Chronology of Plaxtol, once part of the Parish, Manor & Hundred of Wrotham                

150 AD   Sedgebrook Roman villa was built around this time.

1290      William le Hore built the manor house of Sore, now called Old Soar.

1647      The 3 boroughs of Hale, Roughway and Winfield became a separate parish called Plaxtol. It had previously been part of Wrotham Parish.

1649      Plaxtol Church was built during Cromwell's Protectorate. It is the only church in Kent built during the interregnum and therefore has no saint's name.

1660      Restoration of the monarch, Charles II.  Plaxtol again became part of the Parish of Wrotham.

1662      Sir Harry Vane of Fairlawne was beheaded for continuing to adhere to his Cromwellian  Commonwealth principles, despite the fact that Charles II had become King.

circa1790     John Golding propagated from a hop growing on his land a plant "of extraordinary quality and productiveness" which later became known as "The Golding Hop".

1807       A papermaking machine was installed at Roughway Mill, where fine water marked paper was made for £5 bank notes and for British and colonial postage stamps, or at Hampton Mill.

1844      First Sub Postmaster appointed at Plaxtol.

1845      Plaxtol became a separate ecclesiastical parish.

1856      Roman cemetery found at Ducks Farm.

1857      Statuette of Roman goddess, Minerva Victrix, found at Allen's Farm.                                                                                                           Minerva Victrix

1871      Edward Cazalet bought the Fairlawne estate. It remained in the family for the next 100 years.

1880      The paper for National Savings Certificates was made at Roughway Mill.                                                                         

1902      The Papermakers Arms was built by Leney's brewery.

1930      High quality papermaking ended at Roughway Mill.

1956      Iron Age stone semi-circle found near the Street.

1962      The present Plaxtol school was built.

1968      The Bourne River broke its banks.

1986      Digging began for the archaeological excavation of the Roman Villa at Sedgebrook, led by Kent Archaeological Society.

1987      The Great Storm or Hurricane destroyed many ancient trees in Plaxtol.

1989      The final hops were picked at Roughway Farm, so bringing to an end four centuries of hop farming in Plaxtol.                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                                                   #Top